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Stark, J; Meschik, M.
(2018): Women's everyday mobility: Frightening situations and their impacts on travel behaviour
TRANSPORT RES F-TRAF. 2018; 54: 311-323. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
This paper investigates frightening situations women face in their everyday mobility. The focus is not on serious criminal offences but rather on all situations causing fear such as harassment and the influence on the travel behaviour of women. Two surveys were conducted in Austria in 2012 and 2013 to assess whether and how many women are affected and to get insights in locations of the incidents and the circumstances. The personal security aspects of different modes of transport are investigated. The results show that women who experienced frightening situations tend to avoid certain destinations or routes and travel modes more than other women. The results also confirm that women in general have constrained travel behaviour because of fear about their personal security. When it is impossible to change route or travel time e.g. due to personal restraints, or when simply no other transport mode is available, women are captives to use unwanted transport options, even when they have to reckon with frightening situations. The conclusions summarize that womenxxxs personal security plays an important role in terms of travel behaviour and increased attention should be paid by authorities as well as city- and transport planners striving for sustainable built environments. As the share of affected women is high and it can be assumed that women are more often imperilled than men the questions arises, if this can be assimilated to unequal mobility opportunities, finally resulting in a social deficiency for women. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Meschik Michael
Stark Juliane
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Personal security
Women
Mobility constraints
Harassment
Frightening situations
Constrained travel behaviour


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