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Selected Publication:

Smerilli, M; Neureiter, M; Wurz, S; Haas, C; Fruhauf, S; Fuchs, W.
(2015): Direct fermentation of potato starch and potato residues to lactic acid by Geobacillus stearothermophilus under non-sterile conditions
J CHEM TECHNOL BIOT. 2015; 90(4): 648-657. FullText FullText_BOKU

BACKGROUNDLactic acid is an important biorefinery platform chemical. The use of thermophilic amylolytic microorganisms to produce lactic acid by fermentation constitutes an efficient strategy to reduce operating costs, including raw materials and sterilization costs. RESULTSA process for the thermophilic production of lactic acid by Geobacillus stearothermophilus directly from potato starch was characterized and optimized. GeobacillusstearothermophilusDSM 494 was selected out of 12 strains screened for amylolytic activity and the ability to form lactic acid as the major product of the anaerobic metabolism. In total more than 30 batches at 3-l scale were run at 60 degrees C under non-sterile conditions. The process developed produced 37gL(-1) optically pure (98%) L-lactic acid in 20h from 50gL(-1) raw potato starch. As co-metabolites smaller amounts (<7% w/v) of acetate, formate and ethanol were formed. Yields of lactic acid increased from 66% to 81% when potato residues from food processing were used as a starchy substrate in place of raw potato starch. CONCLUSIONSPotato starch and residues were successfully converted to lactic acid by G.stearothermophilus. The process described in this study provides major benefits in industrial applications and for the valorization of starch-rich waste streams. (c) 2015 The Authors.Journal of Chemical Technology *** Biotechnology published by John Wiley *** Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Frühauf Sabine
Fuchs Werner
Haas Cornelia
Neureiter Markus
Smerilli Marina

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
lactic acid
amylolytic bacteria

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