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Blandino, M; Scarpino, V; Sulyok, M; Krska, R; Reyneri, A.
(2017): Effect of agronomic programmes with different susceptibility to deoxynivalenol risk on emerging contamination in winter wheat
EUR J AGRON. 2017; 85: 12-24. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is the most prevalent mycotoxin in small cereal crops throughout the world, and its occurrence is closely linked to the presence of Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) disease. In order to minimize the sanitary risk, wheat cropping systems are commonly designed to control DON contamination, as this represents the main target contaminant. However, several other mycotoxins and secondary metabolites produced by Fusarium and other fungal species have been detected in wheat. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the application of agronomic programmes with different susceptibility to DON contamination could also affect the occurrence of emerging mycotoxins in wheat kernels. Field experiments have been conducted in North Italy, under naturally-infected conditions, over a period of 3 growing seasons, by comparing 4 field programmes, which were constituted by the combination of wheat cultivars (a durum wheat variety that is susceptible to DON contamination and a common moderately resistant one) and 2 fungicide applications at heading (untreated control compared to an azole application at heading). Grain samples have been analyzed by means of a dilute-and-shoot multi-mycotoxin LC-MS/MS method, and 43 fungal metabolites were detected. In addition to DON, the most abundant compounds were aurofusarin, culmorin and deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside, which were detected in all the growing seasons and agronomic strategies. Other trichothecenes and zearalenone derivatives were also found, but in clearly lower concentrations. Contamination by enniatins and moniliformin, produced by other Fusarium species e.g. Fusarium avenaceum, alternariol, alternariol methyl ether and tentoxin, produced by Alternaria species, has been observed for all the compared growing seasons. The presence of other mycotoxins and secondary metabolites was clearly affected by the climatic conditions: fumonisins, beauvaricin, bikaverin, fusaric acid and butenolid were detected in the warmer growing seasons, while chrysogine, infectopyrone, secalonic acid and ergot alkaloids (sum of 13 toxins) were only found in the more rainy and cool seasons. Equisetin, decalonectrin, toxin T-2 and HT-2 were only found in traces.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Krska Rudolf
Sulyok Michael
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Common wheat
Durum wheat
Fungicide
Fusarium Head Blight
Emerging mycotoxins


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