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Leitner, S; Minixhofer, P; Inselsbacher, E; Keiblinger, KM; Zimmermann, M; Zechmeister-Boltenstern, S.
(2017): Short-term soil mineral and organic nitrogen fluxes during moderate and severe drying-rewetting events
APPL SOIL ECOL. 2017; 114: 28-33. FullText FullText_BOKU

Nitrogen (N) availability to plants in dry soil is limited by diffusive flux of N compounds through the soil solution towards the root surface. Conventional soil extraction procedures only provide information about bulk soil N concentrations, which can be distorted during soil sampling, transport, storage and extraction, and hence are of limited use to detect short-term N dynamics. Soil microdialysis is a new tool to monitor diffusive flux of mineral and organic N compounds in situ in high temporal and spatial resolution with minimal disturbance, and is therefore well-suited to determine dynamic fractions of plant-available N in soil microsites. We investigated N availability and mobilization during a drying-rewetting event in a temperate beech forest using soil microdialysis and soil extractions with water. While water extracts mainly revealed mineral N in the form of NH4+ and NO3-, diffusive N fluxes in situ were dominated by amino acids. Microdialysis showed that rewetting of dry soil led to a fast but short-lived mobilization of NO3- and some neutral hydrophilic amino acids (lysine, glutamine, cysteine, glycine), which was not detected in water extracts, and the rewetting N flush was larger with increasing drought duration. Our results suggest that at our temperate forest site plant-available N was dominated by amino acids, a fraction of N that might be missed using conventional soil extraction methods. Considering expected increases in the frequency of extreme climatic events, the observed release of mobile N forms bears the potential of N loss from soil if severe drought is followed by a heavy rain event. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Inselsbacher Erich
Keiblinger Katharina
Leitner Sonja
Minixhofer Pia
Zechmeister-Boltenstern Sophie
Zimmermann Michael
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Amino acids
Temperate forest

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