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Eckhart, T; Walcher, S; Hasenauer, H; van Loo, M.
(2017): Genetic diversity and adaptive traits of European versus American Douglas-fir seedlings
EUR J FOREST RES. 2017; 136(5-6): 811-825. FullText FullText_BOKU

Due to its productivity and potential to adapt to the expected climate change, the Douglas-fir is one of the most important commercial non-native forest tree species in Europe. Currently, seeds from both non-native European and native American seed stands are used for plantations. In this study, we investigate European seed lots for their native origin (variety and potential geographic origin in America) and assess the adaptability, growth and survival potential of European versus American Douglas-fir seed lots. We compare the genetic diversity, morphological characteristics such as height (h), root collar diameter (rcd) and the ratio of h/rcd, and the timing of bud burst. We investigate 852 1-year-old seedlings from 10 different US and European seed lots representing 5 provenance regions which are sold in Germany and Austria. Seedlings are genotyped for 13 nuclear SSRs and analysed together with reference data set and standard genetic structuring and assignment methods. Adaptive traits of morphological characteristics and timing of bud burst of the seedlings are recorded and statistically analysed. The results show that the investigated European seedlings originate from recommended American native seed sources and represent both varieties and inter-varietal admixed individuals. European seedlings have a lower genetic diversity versus the American seedlings and native populations. They show significant differences in the adaptive traits such as morphological characteristics and timing of bud burst. According to the genetic diversity indices, certified North American Douglas-fir seed sources should be preferred for planting in Central Europe.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Eckhart Tamara
Hasenauer Hubert
Van Loo Marcela
Walcher Severin

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Genetic diversity
Forest management
Climate change adaptation

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