University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU) - Research portal

Logo BOKU Resarch Portal

Selected Publication:

Krausmann, F; Gingrich, S; Haberl, H; Erb, KH; Musel, A; Kastner, T; Kohlheb, N; Niedertscheider, M; Schwarzlmuller, E.
(2012): Long-term trajectories of the human appropriation of net primary production: Lessons from six national case studies
ECOL ECON. 2012; 77: 129-138. FullText FullText_BOKU

The xxxhuman appropriation of net primary productionxxx (HANPP) is an integrated socio-ecological indicator measuring effects of land use on ecological biomass flows. Based on published data for Austria. Hungary, the Philippines, South Africa, Spain and the UK, this paper investigates long-term trends in aboveground HANPP and discusses the relations between population, economic growth, changes in biomass use and land-use intensity and their influences on national HANPP trajectories. During early stages of industrialization, population growth and increasing demand for biomass drive land-cover change, often resulting in deforestation, which raises HANPP. During later stages, industrialization of agriculture boosts agricultural yields often faster than biomass demand grows, resulting in stable or even declining HANPP. Technological change improves agricultural area-efficiency (biomass provision per unit area), thereby decoupling population and economic growth from HANPP. However, these efficiency gains require large inputs of fossil fuels and agrochemicals resulting in pressures on ecosystems and emissions. Our findings corroborate the argument that HANPP alone cannot - as sometimes suggested - be used as a simple measure of carrying capacity. Nevertheless, analyses of long-term HANPP trajectories in combination with accounts of material and energy flows can provide important insights into the sustainability of land use, thereby helping to understand limits to growth. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Erb Karlheinz
Gingrich Simone
Haberl Helmut
Kastner Thomas
Krausmann Fridolin
Niedertscheider Maria

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Human appropriation of net primary production (HANPP)
Land-use intensity
Long-term socio-ecological research (LTSER)
Forest transition

© BOKU Wien Imprint