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Selected Publication:

Getachew, A; Chala, A; Hofgaard, IS; Brurberg, MB; Sulyok, M; Tronsmo, AM.
(2018): Multimycotoxin and fungal analysis of maize grains from south and southwestern Ethiopia
FOOD ADDIT CONTAM B. 2018; 11(1): 64-74. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
The natural occurrence of fungi, mycotoxins and fungal metabolites was investigated in 100 samples of maize grains collected from south and southwestern Ethiopia in 2015. The maize samples were contaminated by Fusarium, Aspergillus and Penicillium species. Using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry 127secondary metabolites were analysed. Zearalenone was the most prevalent mycotoxin, occurring in about 96% of the samples. Zearalenone sulfate was the second most prevalent, present in 81% of the samples. Fumonisin B1 was detected in 70% of the samples with a mean level of 606 g kg(-1) in positive samples, while FB2, FB3 and FB4 were detected in 62%, 51% and 60% of the maize samples with mean levels of 202, 136 and 85 g kg(-1), respectively. Up to 8% of the samples were contaminated with aflatoxins, with a maximum level of aflatoxin B1 of 513 g kg(-1). Results were higher than earlier reports for maize from Ethiopia.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Sulyok Michael
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Grain contamination
toxigenic fungi
mycotoxin
liquid chromatography


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