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Selected Publication:

Kirchheimer, B; Wessely, J; Gattringer, A; Hulber, K; Moser, D; Schinkel, CCF; Appelhans, M; Klatt, S; Caccianiga, M; Dellinger, A; Guisan, A; Kuttner, M; Lenoir, J; Maiorano, L; Nieto-Lugilde, D; Plutzar, C; Svenning, JC; Willner, W; Horandl, E; Dullinger, S.
(2018): Reconstructing geographical parthenogenesis: effects of niche differentiation and reproductive mode on Holocene range expansion of an alpine plant
ECOL LETT. 2018; 21(3): 392-401. FullText FullText_BOKU

Asexual taxa often have larger ranges than their sexual progenitors, particularly in areas affected by Pleistocene glaciations. The reasons given for this geographical parthenogenesisxxx are contentious, with expansion of the ecological niche or colonisation advantages of uniparental reproduction assumed most important in case of plants. Here, we parameterized a spread model for the alpine buttercup Ranunculus kuepferi and reconstructed the joint Holocene range expansion of its sexual and apomictic cytotype across the European Alps under different simulation settings. We found that, rather than niche broadening or a higher migration rate, a shift of the apomictxxxs niche towards colder conditions per se was crucial as it facilitated overcoming of topographical barriers, a factor likely relevant for many alpine apomicts. More generally, our simulations suggest potentially strong interacting effects of niche differentiation and reproductive modes on range formation of related sexual and asexual taxa arising from their differential sensitivity to minority cytotype disadvantage.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Plutzar Christoph

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Apomictic plants
European Alps
geographical range
minority cytotype disadvantage
niche shift
Ranunculus kuepferi

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