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Solt, P; van Herwijnen, HWG; Konnerth, J.
(2019): Thermoplastic and moisture-dependent behavior of lignin phenol formaldehyde resins
J APPL POLYM SCI. 2019; 136(40), 48011 FullText FullText_BOKU

Bonding kinetics of thermosetting adhesives is influenced by a variety of factors such as temperature, humidity, and resin properties. A comparison of lignin-based phenol formaldehyde (LPF) and phenol formaldehyde (PF) adhesive in terms of reactivity and mechanical properties referring to testing conditions (temperature, moisture of specimen) were investigated. For this purpose, two resins were manufactured aiming for similar technological resin properties. The reactivity was evaluated by B-time measurements at different temperatures and the development of bonding strength at three different conditions, testing immediately after hot pressing, after applying a cooling phase after hot pressing, or sample conditioning at standard climate. In addition, the moisture stability of the two fully cured resins was examined. The calculated reactivity index demonstrated that LPF requires more energy for curing than PF. Further results indicate that lignin as substituent for phenol in PF resin has a negative impact on its moisture resistance. Additionally, the known thermoplastic behavior of lignin could also be detected in the behavior of the cured resin. This behavior is relevant for the adhesive in use and necessitates a cooling phase before testing the bonding strength development of lignin-based adhesive systems. (c) 2019 The Authors. Journal of Applied Polymer Science published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Konnerth Johannes
Solt Pia
Van Herwijnen Hendrikus

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