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Selected Publication:

Schlogl, M.
(2020): A multivariate analysis of environmental effects on road accident occurrence using a balanced bagging approach
ACCIDENT ANAL PREV. 2020; 136, 105398 FullText FullText_BOKU

Determining and understanding the environmental factors contributing to road traffic accident occurrence is of core importance in road safety research. In this study, a methodology to obtain robust and unbiased results when modeling imbalanced, high-resolution accident data is described. Based on a data set covering the whole highway network of Austria in a fine spatial (250 m) and temporal (1 h) scale, the effects of 48 covariates on accident occurrence are analyzed, with a special emphasis on real-time weather variables obtained through meteorological re-analysis. A balanced bagging approach is employed to cope with the issue of class imbalance. By fitting different tree-based classifiers to a large number of bootstrapped training samples, ensembles of binary classification models are established. The final prediction is achieved through majority vote across each ensemble, resulting in a robust prediction with reduced variance. Findings show the merits of the proposed approach in terms of model quality and robustness of the results, consistently displaying accuracies around 80% while exhibiting sensitivities of approximately 50%. In addition to certain features related to roadway geometrics, surface condition and traffic volume, a number of weather variables are found to be of importance for predicting accident occurrence. The proposed methodological take may not only pave the way for further analyses of high-resolution road safety data including real-time information, but can also be transferred to any other imbalanced classification problem.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Schlögl Matthias

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Adverse weather effects
Imbalanced data
Binary classification
Balanced bagging
Accident analysis
Road safety
Random forest

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