University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU) - Research portal

Logo BOKU Resarch Portal

Selected Publication:

Corretto, E; Antonielli, L; Sessitsch, A; Hofer, C; Puschenreiter, M; Widhalm, S; Swarnalakshmi, K; Brader, G.
(2020): Comparative Genomics ofMicrobacteriumSpecies to Reveal Diversity, Potential for Secondary Metabolites and Heavy Metal Resistance
FRONT MICROBIOL. 2020; 11, 1869 FullText FullText_BOKU

Microbacteriumspecies have been isolated from a wide range of hosts and environments, including heavy metal-contaminated sites. Here, we present a comprehensive analysis on the phylogenetic distribution and the genetic potential of 70Microbacteriumbelonging to 20 different species isolated from heavy metal-contaminated and non-contaminated sites with particular attention to secondary metabolites gene clusters. The analyzedMicrobacteriumspecies are divided in three main functional clades. They share a small core genome (331 gene families covering basic functions) pointing to high genetic diversity. The most common secondary metabolite gene clusters encode pathways for the production of terpenoids, type III polyketide synthases and non-ribosomal peptide synthetases, potentially responsible of the synthesis of siderophore-like compounds.In vitrotests showed that manyMicrobacteriumstrains produce siderophores, ACC deaminase, auxins (IAA) and are able to solubilize phosphate.Microbacteriumisolates from heavy metal contaminated sites are on average more resistant to heavy metals and harbor more genes related to metal homeostasis (e.g., metalloregulators). On the other hand, the ability to increase the metal mobility in a contaminated soil through the secretion of specific molecules seems to be widespread among all. Despite the widespread capacity of strains to mobilize several metals, plants inoculated with selectedMicrobacteriumisolates showed only slightly increased iron concentrations, whereas concentrations of zinc, cadmium and lead were decreased.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Höfer Christoph
Puschenreiter Markus

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
heavy metals
plant associated bacteria
comparative genomics
polyketide synthases
secondary metabolites

© BOKU Wien Imprint