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Inselsbacher, E; Nasholm, T.
(2012): The below-ground perspective of forest plants: soil provides mainly organic nitrogen for plants and mycorrhizal fungi
NEW PHYTOL. 2012; 195(2): 329-334. FullText FullText_BOKU

Nitrogen (N) availability has a major impact on a wide range of biogeochemical processes in terrestrial ecosystems. Changes in N availability modify the capacity of plants to sequester carbon (C), but despite the crucial importance for our understanding of terrestrial ecosystems, the relative contribution of different N forms to plant N nutrition in the field is not known. Until now, reliably assessing the highly dynamic pool of plant-available N in soil microsites was virtually impossible, because of the lack of adequate sampling techniques. For the first time we have applied a novel microdialysis technique for disturbance-free monitoring of diffusive fluxes of inorganic and organic N in 15 contrasting boreal forest soils in situ. We found that amino acids accounted for 80% of the soil N supply, while ammonium and nitrate contributed only 10% each. In contrast to common soil extractions, microdialysis revealed that the majority of amino acids are available for plant and mycorrhizal uptake. Our results suggest that the N supply of boreal forest soils is dominated by organic N as a major component of plant-available N and thus as a regulator of growth and C sequestration.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Inselsbacher Erich

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
amino acids
diffusive flux
plant nutrition
soil nutrients

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