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Selected Publication:

Chibssa, TR; Liu, Y; Sombo, M; Lichoti, JK; Erdenebaatar, J; Boldbaatar, B; Grabherr, R; Settypalli, TBK; Berguido, FJ; Loitsch, A; Damena, D; Cattoli, G; Diallo, A; Lamien, CE.
(2021): Use of an Alignment-Free Method for the Geographical Discrimination of GTPVs Based on the GPCR Sequences
MICROORGANISMS. 2021; 9(4), 855 FullText FullText_BOKU

Goatpox virus (GTPV) belongs to the genus Capripoxvirus, together with sheeppox virus (SPPV) and lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV). GTPV primarily affects sheep, goats and some wild ruminants. Although GTPV is only present in Africa and Asia, the recent spread of LSDV in Europe and Asia shows capripoxviruses could escape their traditional geographical regions to cause severe outbreaks in new areas. Therefore, it is crucial to develop effective source tracing of capripoxvirus infections. Earlier, conventional phylogenetic methods, based on limited samples, identified three different nucleotide sequence profiles in the G-protein-coupled chemokine receptor (GPCR) gene of GTPVs. However, this method did not differentiate GTPV strains by their geographical origins. We have sequenced the GPCR gene of additional GTPVs and analyzed them with publicly available sequences, using conventional alignment-based methods and an alignment-free approach exploiting k-mer frequencies. Using the alignment-free method, we can now classify GTPVs based on their geographical origin: African GTPVs and Asian GTPVs, which further split into Western and Central Asian (WCA) GTPVs and Eastern and Southern Asian (ESA) GTPVs. This approach will help determine the source of introduction in GTPV emergence in disease-free regions and detect the importation of additional strains in disease-endemic areas.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Grabherr Reingard

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
alignment-free algorithm
G-protein-coupled chemokine receptor

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