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Selected Publication:

Zbiral, B; Weber, A; Iturri, J; Vivanco, MDM; Toca-Herrera, JL.
(2021): Estrogen Modulates Epithelial Breast Cancer Cell Mechanics and Cell-to-Cell Contacts
MATERIALS. 2021; 14(11), 2897 FullText FullText_BOKU

Excessive estrogen exposure is connected with increased risk of breast cancer and has been shown to promote epithelial-mesenchymal-transition. Malignant cancer cells accumulate changes in cell mechanical and biochemical properties, often leading to cell softening. In this work we have employed atomic force microscopy to probe the influence of estrogen on the viscoelastic properties of MCF-7 breast cancer cells cultured either in normal or hormone free-medium. Estrogen led to a significant softening of the cells in all studied cases, while growing cells in hormone free medium led to an increase in the studied elastic and viscoelastic moduli. In addition, fluorescence microscopy shows that E-cadherin distribution is changed in cells when culturing them under estrogenic conditions. Furthermore, cell-cell contacts seemed to be weakened. These results were supported by AFM imaging showing changes in surfaces roughness, cell-cell contacts and cell height as result of estrogen treatment. This study therefore provides further evidence for the role of estrogen signaling in breast cancer.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Iturri Jagoba
Toca-Herrera José Luis
Weber Andreas
Zbiral Barbara

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
cell mechanics
breast cancer
confocal microscopy

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