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Hirn, R; Schuster, B; Sleytr, UB; Bayerl, TM.
(1999): The effect of S-layer protein adsorption and crystallization on the collective motion of a planar lipid bilayer studied by dynamic light scattering.
Biophys J. 1999; 77(4):2066-2074 FullText FullText_BOKU

A dedicated dynamic light scattering (DLS) setup was employed to study the undulations of freely suspended planar lipid bilayers, the so-called black lipid membranes (BLM), over a previously inaccessible spread of frequencies (relaxation times ranging from 10(-2) to 10(-6) s) and wavevectors (250 cm(-1) < q < 38,000 cm(-1)). For a BLM consisting of 1,2-dielaidoyl-sn-3-glycero-phosphocholine (DEPC) doped with two different proportions of the cationic lipid analog dioctadecyl-dimethylammonium bromide (DODAB) we observed an increase of the lateral tension of the membrane with the DODAB concentration. The experimentally determined dispersion behavior of the transverse shear mode was in excellent agreement with the theoretical predictions of a first-order hydrodynamic theory. The symmetric adsorption of the crystalline bacterial cell surface layer (S-layer) proteins from Bacillus coagulans E38-66 to a weakly cationic BLM (1.5 mot % DODAB) causes a drastic reduction of the membrane tension well beyond the previous DODAB-induced tension increase. The likely reason for this behavior is an increase of molecular order along the lipid chains by the protein and/or partial protein penetration into the lipid headgroup region. S-layer protein adsorption to a highly cationic BLM (14 mol % DODAB) shows after 7 h incubation time an even stronger decrease of the membrane tension by a factor of five, but additionally a significant increase of the (previously negligible) surface viscosity, again in excellent agreement with the hydrodynamic theory. Further incubation (24 h) shows a drastic increase of the membrane bending energy by three orders of magnitude as a result of a large-scale, two-dimensional recrystallization of the S-layer proteins at both sides of the BLM. The results demonstrate the potential of the method for the assessment of the different stages of protein adsorption and recrystallization at a membrane surface by measurements of the collective membrane modes and their analysis in terms of a hydrodynamic theory.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Bayer Karl
Schuster Bernhard
Sleytr Uwe B.
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Adsorption -
Bacillus - chemistry
Bacterial Proteins - chemistry
Cations - metabolism
Crystallization - metabolism
Kinetics - metabolism
Light - metabolism
Lipid Bilayers - chemistry
Molecular Structure - chemistry
Phosphatidylcholines - chemistry
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds - chemistry
Scattering, Radiation - chemistry
Structure-Activity Relationship - chemistry
Thermodynamics - chemistry
Viscosity - chemistry

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