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Selected Publication:

Hollaus, A; Schunko, C; Weisshaidinger, R; Bala, P; Vogl, CR.
(2022): Nature's contributions to people in the context of a changing traditional rice cultivation landscape in the Upper Baram, Malaysia
GEOGR TIDSSKR-DEN. 2022; 122(2): 129-140. FullText FullText_BOKU

Traditional rice agroecosystems face socioeconomic, political, technical and environmental challenges that are resulting in changes in the traditional land use and management system and its contributions to indigenous farmers. This study explored the contributions made by swidden and wet rice agroecosystems in a traditional rice cultivation landscape and how this landscape has been influenced by recent changes in land use and management. Data were gathered from two villages in the Upper Baram, Malaysia, using semi-structured interviews with 43 farmers, and examined by qualitative content analysis. Farmers perceived different benefits from the rice agroecosystems over and above rice, such as non-rice food supply, habitat creation and support of their identity. The wet rice agroecosystem benefits farmers through higher rice yields, while the swidden rice agroecosystem provides a greater diversity of material contributions. Recent trends in land use and management towards the wet rice agroecosystem and plantations, driven by farmer preferences, land use policies and socioeconomic factors, are challenging the contributions available to farmers from the traditional rice cultivation landscape. Actors involved in decision-making in the traditional rice cultivation landscape should therefore consider the impact of land use and management changes on the diversity of contributions provided by rice agroecosystems.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Hollaus Alexander
Schunko Christoph
Vogl Christian R.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Ecosystem services
agricultural transition
indigenous people

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