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Selected Publication:

Kuzyakov, Y., Friedel, J.K., Stahr, K..
(2000): Mechanisms and quantification of priming effects - Review.
Soil. Biol. Biochem., 32, 1485-1498

Priming effects are strong short-term changes in the turnover of soil organic matter caused by comparatively moderate treatments of the soil. In the course of priming effects large amounts of C, N and other nutrients can be released or immobilized in soil in a very short time. These effects have been measured in many field and laboratory experiments; however, only a few of the studies were aimed at an extended investigation of the mechanisms of such phenomena. The aim of this overview is to reveal possible causes and processes leading to priming actions using the references on agricultural ecosystems and model experiments. Multiple mechanisms and sources of released C and N are presented and summarized in Tables for positive and negative real and apparent priming effects induced after the addition of different organic and mineral substances to the soil. Soil microbial biomass plays the key role in the processes leading to the real priming effects. The most important mechanisms for the real priming effects are the acceleration or retardation of soil organic matter turnover due to increased activity or amount of microbial biomass. Isotopic exchange, pool substitution, and different uncontrolled losses of mineralized N from the soil are responsible for the apparent N priming effects. Other multiple mechanisms (predation, competition for nutrients between roots and microorganisms, preferred uptake, inhibition, etc.) in response to addition of different substances are also discussed. These mechanisms can be distinguished from each other by the simultaneous monitoring df C and N release dynamics; its comparison with the course of microbial activity; and by the labelling of different pools with C-14 or C-13 and N-15. Quantitative methods for describing priming effects and their dynamics using C-14 and N-15 isotopes, as well as for non-isotopic studies are proposed. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Friedel J├╝rgen Kurt

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
priming effect
added nitrogen interaction
microbial biomass
soil organic matter
carbon and nitrogen turnover
mineral fertilizers

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