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Selected Publication:

Holubar, P., Zani, L., Hager, M., Fröschl, W., Radak, Z., Braun, R..
(2003): Start-up and Recovery of a Biogas-Reactor using a Hierarchical Neural Network-based Control Tool
Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 78, 9, 847-855 FullText FullText_BOKU

Due to its intricate internal biological structure the process of anaerobic digestion is difficult to control. The aim of any applied process control is to maximize methane production and minimize the chemical oxygen demand of the effluent and surplus sludge production. Of special interest is the start-up and adaptation phase of the bioreactor and the recovery of the biocoenose after a toxic event. It is shown that the anaerobic digestion of surplus sludge can be effectively modeled by means of a hierarchical system of neural networks and a prediction of biogas production and composition can be made several time-steps in advance. Thus it was possible to optimally control the loading rate during the start-up of a non-adapted system and to recover an anaerobic reactor after a period of heavy organic overload. During the controlled period an optimal feeding profile that allowed a minimum loading rate of 6kg COD m(-3) d(-1) to be maintained was found. Maximum loading rates higher than 12 kg COD m(-3) d(-1) were often reached without destabilizing the system. The control strategy resulted simultaneously in a high level of gas production of about 3m(biogas)(3)biogas m(reactor)(-3) and a methane content in the biogas of about 70%. To rea visualize the effects of the control strategy on the reactor's operational space the data were processed using a data-mining program based on Kohonen Self-Organizing Maps. (C) 2003 Society of Chemical Industry.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Braun Rudolf
Holubar Peter

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
neural networks
decision support system
anaerobic digestion

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