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Lattenmayer, C; Loeschel, M; Schriebl, K; Steinfellner, W; Sterovsky, T; Trummer, E; Vorauer-Uhl, K; Müller, D; Katinger, H; Kunert, R.
(2007): Protein-free transfection of CHO host cells with an IgG-fusion protein: selection and characterization of stable high producers and comparison to conventionally transfected clones.
Biotechnol Bioeng. 2007; 96(6):1118-1126 FullText FullText_BOKU

In order to improve the current techniques of cell cultivation in the absence of serum, we have developed a protein-free transfection protocol for CHO cells, based on the Nucleofector (TM) technology. After starting with a heterogenous pool of primary transfectants which express the fusion protein EpoFc, we isolated single clones generated by lipofection in serum-dependent cultivation. Our intensive characterization program was based on determination of specific productivity (q(p)) and analysis of genetic parameters. In two nucleofetion experiments, transfection with 5 mu g of DNA resulted in best productivities of the primary cell pools. After subcloning, the q(p) could be raised up to 27 ph (.) cells(-1 .) day(-1). While the serum-dependent transfectants exhibited specific productivities up to 57 ph (.) cells(-1) (.) day(-1) in serum-dependent cultivation, a significant decreased that resulted in range q(p) of the protein-free transfectants was observed after switching to protein-free conditions. Investigation of genetic parameters revealed higher mRNA levels and gene copy numbers (GCN) for the protein-free adapted serum-dependent transfectants. Therefore, we assume that problems during protein-free adaptation (PHA) lead to a less efficient translation machinery after serum deprivation. We describe the generation of stable-producing recombinant CHO clones by protein-free transfection of a protein-free adapted host cell line, which reduces the risk of adverse clonal changes after PFA. The main advantage of this approach is the earlier predictability of clone behavior, which makes the generation of production clones by protein-free transfection, a viable and highly efficient strategy for recombinant cell line development.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Katinger Hermann
Kunert Renate
Steinfellner Willibald
Trummer-Gödl Evelyn
Vorauer-Uhl Karola
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Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
CHO Cells -
Cell Culture Techniques -
Cricetinae -
Cricetulus -
Culture Media, Serum-Free -
DNA, Complementary - analysis
Erythropoietin - genetics
Gene Dosage -
Immunoglobulin G - chemistry
Plasmids - genetics
Recombinant Fusion Proteins - metabolism
Transfection - methods

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
protein-free transfection
EpoFC fusion protein

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