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Hein, I; Gadzov, B; Schoder, D; Foissy, H; Malorny, B; Wagner, M.
(2009): Temporal and spatial distribution of Cronobacter isolates in a milk powder processing plant determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.
Foodborne Pathog Dis. 2009; 6(2):225-233 FullText FullText_BOKU

A milk powder processing line was sampled for the presence of Enterobacteriaceae and the opportunistic neonatal pathogen Cronobacter at six different sampling sites during an 11-month period. The highest number of Enterobacteriaceae-positive samples was recovered from the raw milk concentrate before pasteurization (78.2%) and from nonproduct samples of the processing line (86.5%), which included swabs from the drying tower and screw conveyers, swabs from the explosion chamber, waste water after the automated cleaning-in-place procedure, air filter cut-outs, and floor samples underneath the outlet of the packaging machine. The prepackaged and packaged final product was contaminated at a rate of 6.6% and 7.1%, respectively. The prevalence of Cronobacter in the prefinal product and the prepackaged and packaged final product was 14.3%, 3.8%, and 2.1%, respectively. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) analysis of 133 Cronobacter isolates yielded 40 different PFGE profiles. Long-term persistence in the processing line of some of these PFGE profiles was observed. Comparison of the PFGE profiles recovered at different sampling sites revealed the supply air as a potential source for extrinsic Cronobacter contamination. In addition, recovery of the same PFGE profiles before and after CIP events followed by heat treatment indicated the inefficiency of these hygiene measures to completely eliminate Cronobacter from all areas of the processing line. This information provides an essential basis for developing control and prevention strategies concerning this opportunistic pathogen.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Foißy Helmut
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Animals -
Bacterial Typing Techniques -
Cluster Analysis -
Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field -
Enterobacter sakazakii - classification
Enterobacteriaceae Infections - microbiology
Environmental Microbiology -
Equipment Contamination -
Food Contamination - analysis
Food Handling - methods
Food Microbiology -
Food-Processing Industry -
Hot Temperature -
Humans -
Infant -
Infant Food - microbiology
Infant, Newborn -
Milk - microbiology
Prevalence -

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