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An, SS; Mentler, A; Acosta-Martinez, V; Blum, WEH.
(2009): Soil microbial parameters and stability of soil aggregate fractions under different grassland communities on the Loess Plateau, China
BIOLOGIA. BIOLOGIA; 64: 424-427. FullText FullText_BOKU

Over-grazing and large-scale monocultures on the Loess plateau in China have caused serious soil erosion by water and wind. Grassland revegetation has been reported as one of the most effective counter measures. Therefore, we investigated soil aggregation, aggregate stability and soil microbial activities as key parameters for soil remediation through grassland revegetation. The results showed that soil microbial biomass carbon (Cmic) and microbial biomass nitrogen (Nmic) increased under revegetated grass communities compared to cropland and overgrazed pastures and were higher in surface layers (0-10 cm) than in the subsurface (10-20 cm). Although there are variations between the four investigated grassland communities, their values were 10 to 50 times higher in comparison to the cropland and overgrazed pastures, similar to the increase in soil enzyme activities, such as beta-glucosidase and beta-glucosaminidase. Soil aggregate stability (SAS) showed clear differences between the different land uses with two main soil aggregate fractions measured by ultra sound: < 63 mu m and 100-250 mu m, with approximately 70% and 10% of the total soil volume respectively. We also found positive correlations between SAS and soil microbial parameters, such as Cmic, Nmic, and soil enzyme activities. From this, we concluded that revegetation of eroded soils by grasses accelerates soil rehabilitation.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Blum Winfried E.H.
Mentler Axel

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
enzyme activities
grassland revegetation
soil microbial biomass C(Cmic)
soil microbial biomass N(Nmic)
soil aggregate fractions and stability
Loess Plateau of China

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