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Selected Publication:

Rosner, S; Klein, A; Müller, U; Karlsson, B; .
(2008): Tradeoffs between hydraulic and mechanical stress responses of mature Norway spruce trunk wood.
Tree Physiol. 2008; 28(8):1179-1188

We tested the effects of growth characteristics and basic density on hydraulic and mechanical properties of mature Norway Spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) wood from six 24-year-old clones, grown on two sites in Southern Sweden differing in water availability. Hydraulic parameters assessed were specific hydraulic conductivity at full saturation (k(s100)) and Vulnerability to cavitation (Psi(50)), mechanical parameters included bending strength (sigma(b)), modulus of elasticity (MOE), compression strength (sigma(a)) and Young's modulus (E). Basic density, diameter at breast height, tree height, and hydraulic and mechanical parameters varied considerably among clones. Clonal means of' hydraulic and mechanical properties were strongly related to basic density and to growth parameters across sites, especially to diameter at breast height. Compared with stem wood of slower growing clones, stem wood of rapidly growing clones had significantly lower basic density, lower sigma(b), MOE, sigma(a) and E, was more vulnerable to cavitation, but had higher k(s100). Basic density wits negatively correlated to Psi(50) and k(s100). We therefore found a tradeoff between Psi(50) and k(s100). Clones with high basic density had significantly lower hydraulic vulnerability, but also lower hydraulic conductivity at full saturation and thus less rapid growth than clones with low basic density. This tradeoff involved a negative relationship between Psi(50) and sigma(b) as well as MOE, and between k(s100) and sigma(b), MOE and sigma(a). Basic density and Psi(50) showed no site-specific differences, but tree height, diameter at breast height, k(s100) and mechanical strength and stiffness were significantly lower at the drier site. Basic density had no influence on the site-dependent differences in hydraulic and mechanical properties, but was strongly negatively related to diameter at breast height. Selecting for growth may thus lead not only to a reduction in mechanical strength and stiffness but also to a reduction in hydraulic safety.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Klein Andrea
Müller Ulrich
Rosner Sabine
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Biological Transport;Linear Models;Picea/growth & development;Picea/metabolism;Picea/physiology*;Stress, Mechanical;Water/metabolism;Wood/growth & development;Wood/metabolism;Wood/physiology;

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
hydraulic conductivity
Picea abies
vulnerability to cavitation

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