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Ettle, T; Roth, FX.
(2004): Specific dietary selection for tryptophan by the piglet.
J Anim Sci. 2004; 82(4):1115-1121

The aim of the present study was to investigate whether pigs prefer diets varying in Trp content and whether these preferences change with time. To that end, a feeding trial was carried out over a 6-wk period. Piglets (equal proportion of males and females) with an initial BW of 8.20 +/- 0.90 kg were randomly subdivided into four groups of 12 pigs each. Two reference groups were fed (as-fed basis) either 0.11% Trp (Trp-deficient) or 0.20% Trp (Trp-adequate) diets. Two other groups had a choice of two diets containing either 0.11 or 0. 16% Trp (Trp-choice 1), or 0.11 or 0.20% Trp (Trp-choice 2). Average daily feed intake reached 335 and 366 g in pigs fed Trp-deficient and Trp-choice 1 diets, respectively. For Trp-choice 2 and Trp-adequate diets, a higher (P < 0.05) feed intake of 589 and 645 g/d, respectively, was observed. Piglets on Trp-choice 1 and Trp-choice 2, respectively, selected 87 and 93% of the higher Trp diet. Resulting Trp contents of total diets were 0. 15 and 0.19% (as-fed basis) in Trp-choice 1 and Trp-choice 2, respectively. In wk 1, pigs on Trp-choice 2 chose lower proportions of the Trp-deficient feed (31% of total diet) than did pigs on Trp-choice 1 (44%), but at the end of the experiment, pigs of both groups almost exclusively chose the feed with the higher Trp content (96 and 98% for Trp-choice 1 and 2). Pigs on Trp-choice 1 had an ADG of 218 g, which was only slightly above the ADG of Trp-deficient pigs (198 g). Pigs on Trp-choice 2 and Trp-adequate diets had ADG of 404 and 458 g, respectively, which were higher (P < 0.05) than those observed for Trp-deficient and Trp-choice 1 groups. Plasma Trp concentrations in Trp-choice 2 and Trp-adequate groups (9.21 and 9.01 mumol/mL, respectively) were higher (P < 0.05) than in Trp-deficient and Trp-choice 1 groups (5.88 and 4.96 mumol/mL, respectively). Conversely, the sum of essential AA showed a higher (P < 0.05) concentration in plasma from pigs on the Trp-deficient and Trp-choice 1 diets than in plasma from pigs on Trp-choice 2 and Trp-adequate diets. Nutritional depletion of Trp influences the food selection behavior of piglets. Results of growth performance and the dietary preferences suggest that piglets are able to detect Trp-deficiency-induced metabolic changes and respond with an aversion against the Trp-deficient diet.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Animal Feed -
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena -
Animals -
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug -
Female -
Food Preferences -
Male -
Nutritional Requirements -
Random Allocation -
Swine - growth & development
Time Factors -
Tryptophan - administration & dosage
Weight Gain - drug effects

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
feeding preferences

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