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Selected Publication:

Ralla, K; Sohling, U; Riechers, D; Kasper, C; Ruf, F; Scheper, T.
(2010): Adsorption and separation of proteins by a smectitic clay mineral.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2010; 33(7):847-861 FullText FullText_BOKU

The adsorption of proteins by a smectitic clay mineral was investigated. The clay used in this study is a mixture of montmorillonite and amorphous SiO2. Due to the high porosity the montmorillonite units are accessible for protein adsorption. The amorphous silica prevents the montmorillonite from swelling and allows column packing. Protein adsorption was performed at different pH under static conditions. Furthermore, static capacities were determined. The material reveals high adsorption capacities for proteins under static conditions (270-408 mg/g), whereby proteins are mainly adsorbed via electrostatic interactions. The Freundlich isotherm is suggested as an adsorption model. For desorption a pH shift was found to be most effective. Binding and elution of human serum albumin and ovalbumin were tested under dynamic conditions. Dynamic capacities of about 40 mg/g for ovalbumin at 764 cm/h were found. The clay mineral provides suitable properties for the application as cost-efficient, alternative separation material.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Almeria Ciarra
Kasper Cornelia
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Adsorption -
Aluminum Silicates - chemistry
Materials Testing -
Minerals - chemistry
Proteins - chemistry
Silicates - chemistry
Ultrafiltration - methods

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Clay mineral
Protein adsorption

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