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Selected Publication:

Parsons, J; Altmann, F; Arrenberg, CK; Koprivova, A; Beike, AK; Stemmer, C; Gorr, G; Reski, R; Decker, EL.
(2012): Moss-based production of asialo-erythropoietin devoid of Lewis A and other plant-typical carbohydrate determinants
PLANT BIOTECHNOL J. 2012; 10(7): 851-861. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Protein therapeutics represent one of the most increasing areas in the pharmaceutical industry. Plants gain acceptance as attractive alternatives for high-quality and economical protein production. However, as the majority of biopharmaceuticals are glycoproteins, plant-specific N-glycosylation has to be taken into consideration. In Physcomitrella patens (moss), glyco-engineering is an applicable tool, and the removal of immunogenic core xylose and fucose residues was realized before. Here, we present the identification of the enzymes that are responsible for terminal glycosylation (a1,4 fucosylation and beta 1,3 galactosylation) on complex-type N-glycans in moss. The terminal trisaccharide consisting of a1,4 fucose and beta 1,3 galactose linked to N-acetylglucosamine forms the so-called Lewis A epitope. This epitope is rare on moss wild-type proteins, but was shown to be enriched on complex-type N-glycans of moss-produced recombinant human erythropoietin, while unknown from the native human protein. Via gene targeting of moss galactosyltransferase and fucosyltransferase genes, we identified the gene responsible for terminal glycosylation and were able to completely abolish the formation of Lewis A residues on the recombinant biopharmaceutical.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Altmann Friedrich

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
a1
4 fucosyltransferase
ss 1
3 galactosyltransferase
moss bioreactor
Physcomitrella patens
plant-made pharmaceutical
EPO


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