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Schuler, H; Bertheau, C; Egan, SP; Feder, JL; Riegler, M; Schlick-Steiner, BC; Steiner, FM; Johannesen, J; Kern, P; Tuba, K; Lakatos, F; Köppler, K; Arthofer, W; Stauffer, C; .
(2013): Evidence for a recent horizontal transmission and spatial spread of Wolbachia from endemic Rhagoletis cerasi (Diptera: Tephritidae) to invasive Rhagoletis cingulata in Europe.
Mol Ecol. 2013; 22(15):4101-4111 FullText FullText_BOKU

The widespread occurrence of Wolbachia in arthropods and nematodes suggests that this intracellular, maternally inherited endosymbiont has the ability to cross species boundaries. However, direct evidence for such a horizontal transmission of Wolbachia in nature is scarce. Here, we compare the well-characterized Wolbachia infection of the European cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cerasi, with that of the North American eastern cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cingulata, recently introduced to Europe. Molecular genetic analysis of Wolbachia based on multilocus sequence typing and the Wolbachia surface protein wsp showed that all R. cingulata individuals are infected with wCin2 identical to wCer2 in R. cerasi. In contrast, wCin1, a strain identical to wCer1 in R. cerasi, was present in several European populations of R. cingulata, but not in any individual from the United States. Surveys of R. cingulata from Germany and Hungary indicated that in some populations, the frequency of wCin1 increased significantly in just a few years with at least two independent horizontal transmission events. This is corroborated by the analysis of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase II gene that showed association of wCin1 with two distinct haplotypes in Germany, one of which is also infected with wCin1 in Hungary. In summary, our study provides strong evidence for a very recent inter-specific Wolbachia transmission with a subsequent spatial spread in field populations.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Bertheau Coralie
Schuler Hannes
Stauffer Christian
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Animals;Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/genetics*;Disease Transmission, Infectious;Electron Transport Complex IV/genetics*;Genetic Variation;Genotype;Multilocus Sequence Typing;Tephritidae/microbiology*;Wolbachia/classification;Wolbachia/genetics*;

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
horizontal transmission
invasive species
multilocus sequence typing
Rhagoletis cerasi
Rhagoletis cingulata

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