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Shala-Mayrhofer, V; Varga, E; Marjakaj, R; Berthiller, F; Musolli, A; Berisha, D; Kelmendi, B; Lemmens, M.
(2013): Investigations on Fusarium spp. and their mycotoxins causing Fusarium ear rot of maize in Kosovo
FOOD ADDIT CONTAM B. 2013; 6(4): 237-243. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
After wheat, maize (Zea mays L.) is the second most important cereal crop in Kosovo and a major component of animal feed. The purpose of this study was to analyse the incidence and identity of the Fusarium species isolated from naturally infected maize kernels in Kosovo in 2009 and 2010, as well as the mycotoxin contamination. The disease incidence of Fusarium ear rot (from 0.7% to 40% diseased ears) on maize in Kosovo is high. The most frequently Fusarium spp. identified on maize kernels were Fusarium subglutinans, F. verticillioides/F. proliferatum and F. graminearum. Maize kernel samples were analysed by LC-MS/MS and found to be contaminated with deoxynivalenol (DON), DON-3-glucoside, 3-acetyl-DON, 15-acetyl-DON, zearalenone, zearalenone-14-sulphate, moniliformin, fumonisin B-1 and fumonisin B-2. This is the first report on the incidence and identification of Fusarium species isolated from naturally infected maize as well as the mycotoxin contamination in Kosovo.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Berthiller Franz
Lemmens Marc
Shala-Mayrhofer Vitore
Varga Elisabeth
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
cereals and grain
mycotoxins - Fusarium toxins
Fusarium species
maize
feed


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