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Selected Publication:

Garcia, EG; Ressmann, AK; Gaertner, P; Zirbs, R; Mach, RL; Krska, R; Bica, K; Brunner, K.
(2014): Direct extraction of genomic DNA from maize with aqueous ionic liquid buffer systems for applications in genetically modified organisms analysis
ANAL BIOANAL CHEM. 2014; 406(30): 7773-7784. FullText FullText_BOKU

To date, the extraction of genomic DNA is considered a bottleneck in the process of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) detection. Conventional DNA isolation methods are associated with long extraction times and multiple pipetting and centrifugation steps, which makes the entire procedure not only tedious and complicated but also prone to sample cross-contamination. In recent times, ionic liquids have emerged as innovative solvents for biomass processing, due to their outstanding properties for dissolution of biomass and biopolymers. In this study, a novel, easily applicable, and time-efficient method for the direct extraction of genomic DNA from biomass based on aqueous-ionic liquid solutions was developed. The straightforward protocol relies on extraction of maize in a 10 % solution of ionic liquids in aqueous phosphate buffer for 5 min at room temperature, followed by a denaturation step at 95 degrees C for 10 min and a simple filtration to remove residual biopolymers. A set of 22 ionic liquids was tested in a buffer system and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dimethylphosphate, as well as the environmentally benign choline formate, were identified as ideal candidates. With this strategy, the quality of the genomic DNA extracted was significantly improved and the extraction protocol was notably simplified compared with a well-established method.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Krska Rudolf
Zirbs Ronald
Find related publications in this database (using NML MeSH Indexing)
Cetrimonium Compounds/chemistry
DNA, Plant/genetics
DNA, Plant/isolation & purification*
Genome, Plant
Ionic Liquids/chemistry*
Surface-Active Agents/chemistry
Zea mays/chemistry*
Zea mays/genetics

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Genomic DNA
Ionic liquids
Biomass dissolution
Genetically modified organisms

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