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Saracevic, E; Fruhauf, S; Miltner, A; Karnpakdee, K; Munk, B; Lebuhn, M; Wlcek, B; Leber, J; Lizasoain, J; Friedl, A; Gronauer, A; Bauer, A.
(2019): Utilization of Food and Agricultural Residues for a Flexible Biogas Production: Process Stability and Effects on Needed Biogas Storage Capacities
ENERGIES. 2019; 12(14), 2678 FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
Biogas plants can contribute to future energy systems' stability through flexible power generation. To provide power flexibly, a demand-oriented biogas supply is necessary, which may be ensured by applying flexible feeding strategies. In this study, the impacts of applying three different feeding strategies (1x, 3x and 9x feeding per day) on the biogas and methane production and process stability parameters were determined for a biogas plant with a focus on waste treatment. Two feedstocks that differed in (1) high fat and (2) higher carbohydrate content were investigated during semi-continuous fermentation tests. Measurements of the short chain fatty acids concentration, pH value, TVA/TIC ratio and total ammonium and ammonia content along with a molecular biology analysis were conducted to assess the effects on process stability. The results show that flexible biogas production can be obtained without negative impacts on the process performance and that production peaks in biogas and methane can be significantly shifted to another time by changing feeding intervals. Implementing the fermentation tests' results into a biogas plant simulation model and an assessment of power generation scenarios focusing on peak-time power generation revealed a considerable reduction potential for the needed biogas storage capacity of up to 73.7%.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Bauer Alexander
Frühauf Susanne
Gronauer Andreas
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Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Semi-continuous fermentation
Anaerobic digestion
Food waste
Biogas
Process simulation
Biogas storage


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