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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Lea Holzmann (2017): RECOMMENDATIONS FOR RESHAPING THE ALBANIAN WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM TOWARDS EU LEGISLATION CONSIDERING EXPERIENCES FROM AUSTRIA.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Siedlungswasserbau, Industriewasserwirtschaft und Gewässerschutz (SIG), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 105. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
In 2014 Albania achieved candidate status to join the EU, therefore the Albanian Government has to work towards inter alia a full implementation of EU environmental policies to national legislation dealing with the management of water resources and its protection, like the Water Framework Directive, the Floods Directive, the Drinking Water Directive and others. During this implementation process several problems and challenges arose that need to be especially addressed, not only for complying with the EU directives, but also to strengthen the republic’s economic, environmental and social conditions. These issues are discussed in the course of this thesis with a reference to the development and experiences of the Austrian water management system, as it is considered to be helpful for the Albanian Government for further steps towards EU accession. Main issues are determined in the fragmented management structures of the Albanian water sector, leading to a poor performance of ministries and institutions on national and local levels. An ongoing reformation of the whole sector should mitigate these issues. However, impacts of these inefficient management structures lead to problems like a deteriorated and leaking water infrastructure (water supply, irrigation, drainage infrastructure), a poor coverage and connection rate of WSS infrastructure, especially in areas of less political attention (rural areas), no sustainable operation and maintenance of the water infrastructure due to the lack of financial sustainable systems (low cost recovery), a weak workforce capacity, uncontrolled use and pollution of water resources and the developing of conflict areas between economic use and ecological protection due to weak legal regulations and enforcement. Recommendations on behalf of Austrian experiences are given to address these issues.

Beurteilende(r): Ertl Thomas
1.Mitwirkender: Allabashi Roza
2.Mitwirkender: Kretschmer Florian

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