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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Georg Friedl (2014): Holzschiffbau in Österreich.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Holztechnologie und Nachwachsende Rohstoffe, BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 151. UB BOKU obvsg FullText

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
According to the research in current literature and as a result of dialogues with different experts, the aim of this topic is, is to show the century’s old tradition of the wooden shipbuilding along the upper Danube river in detail. Moreover the characteristics and features of the different types of ships should be pointed. The log boat was the base for the development of many different types, which were always adjusted to the conditions of the waters. Due to the stream morphology of the upper Danube and the wide spread use of the ships a big number of different types (the “Zillen” and “Plätten”) were developed and built. Therefore a construction of a hull with a flat bottom, no keel, bended sideboards and variable formed bows and sterns was preferred. The length varied from a few meters up to 42 meters. All of them had a very short lifetime. Rivers always have been a practical way for the transport especially on ships going downstream. This cheap, fast and effective method was called “Naufahrt”. However the upstream process of transport had to be improved by trails next to shore where the ships were pulled by horses. This so called “Gegenzug” or “Schiffzug” often turned out to be a painstaking effort. The wooden shipbuilding along the Danube was unique. To prevent the leaking, the gap between planks gets filled and stuffed by moss and covered by a strip of wood that is finally fixed by metal clamps to seal the hull (“geschopped”, “Schopperbauweise”). With the technical development since the middle of the 19th century the typical ship building along the Danube came nearly to an end. Today only a few builders earn their lives with building wooden ships in old shape but using new and modern materials. To sum up: although a development of different types of wooden ships as a result of their specific local circumstances took place along the upper Danube River on different places over the centuries, the conclusion is that all types have their origin in one basic design.

Beurteilende(r): Teischinger Alfred
1.Mitwirkender: Grabner Michael

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