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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Maria Schillinger (2018): LAVENDELZUPFERINNEN UND HEURIGENSCHENKER BÄUERLICHES WIRTSCHAFTEN MIT DER KELLERGASSE EINE LANDSCHAFTSPLANERISCHE BETRACHTUNG ANHAND VON FÜNF HOFWIRTSCHAFTEN IN DER KATASTRALGEMEINDE BISAMBERG.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Landschaftsplanung (ILAP), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 127. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
Over the last several decades, the economics of peasant farming in the cadastral municipality of Bisamberg has changed dramatically. Up to the 1970’s, the principles of farming remained diverse, as subsistence production, livestock, crop and vegetable cultivation, viniculture and “Heurigen”–inn maintained their respective economic equilibrium. Produce and self-made products were sold directly at farms or local farmers markets. At the time of the grape harvest, the cellar lanes were places for wine-pressing, for celebrations, and for the traditional “Heurigen”-inn. Through the transition to the next generation, lifestyle changes of the inhabitants, as well as the general structural transformation of agriculture, local farmers were forced to modify their economic strategies. The economy became more specialized and intensified. Specialization in viniculture and the “Heurigen”-economy, as well as the intensification of agriculture, replaced the model of diversified farming. As a result, the spatial organization of the farms has changed and adapted to the new economic structure. Cattle stalls have become bottle-filling halls and places to serve wine. Where the enlargement of the long land parcels within the community is feasible, courtyards are expanded through the purchase of neighbouring parcels and farms. Acres and vineyards which are no longer used for farming are purchased or leased. The farmers strive to concentrate all steps of production either at the farmhouse parcel, or in newly-built production facilities outside of the center of the town. Wine cellars are used for wine production only if there is no other possibility of production. The use of the wine cellar has changed - the cellar lanes have now become part of the residential zone. The values of the peasant farming which are synonymous with the emotional roots to the farm, the sustainable economy within natural conditions and the rhythm of nature, the care for the elderly, as well as the transfer of the knowledge of the older to the younger generation remain essential.

Beurteilende(r): Schneider Gerda

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