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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Marlies Oeltze (2011): Landschaftsplanerische Analyse der baulich-räumlichen Organisation von Parzellen in verschiedenen Quartieren der Stadt Dar es Salaam als Grundlage der Subsistenzperspektive.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Landschaftsplanung (ILAP), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 147. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
The vast majority of countries in Africa depend, first and foremost, rather on an agricultural than an industrial economy. There are numerous reasons, many of them are well known and others of them, as yet, little or nothing has been said, to explain why subsistence economies prevail in the majority of African countries. Tanzania is one of these countries, and the field studies carried out in the spring of 2009 in Dar es Salaam provided an insight into the specific conditions and problems which the inhabitants have to contend with to enable them to provide themselves with their basic needs. Tanzania is an agriculturally oriented developed country and shows subsistence farming, which supports the farmer’s household but produces little or no surplus for the market, is also carried out throughout many areas of Dar es Salaam. This is in big contrast to farming in European countries, where the farm produce is primarily intended for the market. In Europe farming has become an industry. The farmers in Dar es Salaam do not have all these advantages and it is a daily struggle for survival. Especially in a city with a structure like that of Dar es Salaam, there is great diversity in the ways found to earn a livelihood which is sufficient to support a family. The structure of Dar es Salaam, with its high-rise buildings in the city centre, and urban and rural areas as its environs, makes this diversity possible. The amount of “unplanned land” is sufficient for the poorer inhabitants to carry out subsistence farming. To produce their own vegetables, a fruit, meat and other products of daily needs and the knowledge that they can live on their produce raises their self-esteem, and, as long as they are able to be self-sufficient, this gives them a feeling of assurance for the future This paper deals with the different ways in which the inhabitants of Dar es Salaam earn a livelihood and what the conditions are which either favour or impede their efforts to provide their families with what is basically necessary to survive and, if possible, to improve their situation, if not for themselves so much, but at least for the future of their children. There is the awareness that not only the production of food is essential, but also the exchange of goods and services, as well as the upbringing of their children and care of the elderly, are just as important as necessary.

Beurteilende(r): Schneider Gerda

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