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Gewählte Doctoral Thesis:

Hannes Mayrhofer (2014): UNFÄLLE MIT TRAKTOREN, SELBSTFAHRENDEN ERNTEMASCHINEN UND MASCHINEN ZUR LASTENBEFÖRDERUNG IN ÖSTERREICH - SCHWERPUNKT ÜBERSCHLAGEN SOWIE KIPPEN UND ANFAHREN SOWIE ÜBERFAHREN.
Doctoral Thesis - Institut für Landtechnik, BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 88. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
Tractors, self-propelled harvesting machinery and material handling machinery show similarities in main rollover and run-over incident scenarios and causes. The main aims of the PhD project were the identification of incident scenarios and causes and the presentation of sustainable prevention measures. To achieve this, an incident database was analyzed, incident victims were interviewed and reports were investigated with a narrative text analysis and a qualitative content analysis. For the presentation of sustainable prevention measures, a new- and used-machine evaluation and a literature research were done. Interviews with manufacturers helped to elaborate challenges in implementing safety measures. Between 2008 and 2010, 786 occupational incidents with tractors, self-propelled harvesting machinery and material handling machinery occurred in the Austrian agriculture. The majority of injured victims were male, older than 40 years, Austrian citizens, and managers of a mixed-agricultural farm. The most common tractor and harvesting machinery incidents happened on fields and meadows and in the courtyard area. The majority of incidents in load transportation occurred in the farmyard or in stables. The technical possibilities identified to reduce the rollover risk were the rollover protective structure, the safety belt, the general chassis concept, weight sensors, driver assistance systems and rollover warning devices. Measures to prevent run-over incidents were the design of hoods and panels, lights, automatic detection systems, camera systems, automatic parking brakes, transmission neutral positions and seat contact switches. The main factor in rollover and run-over incident prevention remains the human factor. The fundamental requirement for preventing incidents is the following of safety rules by the driver himself and the passers-by in the environment of machines.

Betreuer: Quendler Elisabeth
1. Berater: Vogel Stefan
2. Berater: Berger Wolfgang Josef

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