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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Peter Martin Eisel (2012): Untersuchungen zum Transportklima sowie zu tierbezogenen Parametern bei Schlachtrindertransporten.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Landtechnik, BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 88. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
Due to the fact that limited knowledge of the transport conditions for slaughter cattle transportation exists and certain empirical theories are not scientifically effective, the basic idea of this master thesis is to investigate and determine the essential transport conditions and to compare it to other similar experiments. Animal-related parameters such as rumen temperature and rumen pH and transport-related parameters such as air temperature, relative humidity, flow velocity and the acoustic burden collected during the transport were accumulated and analyzed by considering these different parameters. To generate significant results of the analysis, a transport of adult beef cattle of different breeds as well as their crosses from Stainach to Graz, for a total journey time of approximately three hours, was investigated. The continuous noise of the own measurements was 86.5 dB, slightly above the recommendations of 85dB. The optimum temperature for transporting animals ranges between +4 to +16 degree Celsius, which was almost achieved. The statistical analysis showed that there are different levels of relative humidity at different positions on the truck. The air velocity should not exceed a value of 5 m/s, the flow rates at the transporter ranged from 0 to 4.4 m/s. In addition, the physiological body temperature of cattle rose to one degree Celsius above the normal values (38.3-38.8° C rectal temperature), caused by ruminal fermentation. The rumen pH values, ranged from pH 6.1 and pH 6.9, showed a slightly increasing tendency, probably because of no fodder and water uptake during the transport. There were no rush, no injuries or rank battles filmed during the entire transport. Finally, it can be said that every transport of animals is a challenging process but mostly necessary. The aim is generally a welfare-friendly and sensitive treatment of animals, especially during the transport.

Beurteilende(r): Boxberger Josef
1.Mitwirkender: Moitzi Gerhard

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