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Carbon offsetting as an opportunity for sustainable rural development in Nepal - a participatory, community based approach

Projektleitung
Ruffeis Dominik, Projektleiter/in
Laufzeit:
01.02.2016-31.12.2025
Art der Forschung
Angewandte Forschung
Projektpartner*innen
Anil Bhandari MSc, multi-stakeholder forestry consult, 09, Rudranagar, Ratopul, Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Kontaktperson: Anil Bhandari MSc;
Funktion des Projektpartners: Partner
Chinese Academy of Forestry, Prof. Wu Shuriong, China.
Kontaktperson: Prof. Dr. Wu Shuirong;
Funktion des Projektpartners: Partner
Kalinchok Utkrista Narsari Ba. Sa. Kalinchock Excellent Nursery Management Committee , Laduk, Singati, Dolakha, Nepal.
Kontaktperson: Bishnu Thakuri;
Funktion des Projektpartners: Partner
National Trust for Nature Conversation Nepal, Govinda Gajurel, Nepal.
Kontaktperson: Govinda Gajurel;
Funktion des Projektpartners: Partner
Nepal Academy of Science and Technology, Nepal.
Kontaktperson: Dr. Anjana Giri;
Funktion des Projektpartners: Partner
Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Österreich.
Kontaktperson: Dr. Viktor Bruckman;
Funktion des Projektpartners: Partner
Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Amrit Campus, Devkota, PO Box 102, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Kontaktperson: Prof. Dr. Mohan Devkota;
Funktion des Projektpartners: Partner
Universität Wien, Institut für Tibetologie und Buddhismusforschung, Wien, Österreich.
Kontaktperson: Dr. Gabriele Tautscher;
Funktion des Projektpartners: Partner
Mitarbeiter*innen
Katzensteiner Klaus, Sub-Projektleiter/in
Gratzer Georg, Projektmitarbeiter/in
Ruffeis Dominik, Projektmitarbeiter/in
Schmitz Dominik, Projektmitarbeiter/in
Beteiligte BOKU-Organisationseinheiten
Institut für Bodenphysik und landeskulturelle Wasserwirtschaft
Institut für Entwicklungsforschung
Institut für Waldökologie
Zentrum für Globalen Wandel und Nachhaltigkeit
Gefördert durch
Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, CO2-Kompensationssystem, Gregor Mendel-Straße 33, 1180 Wien, Österreich
Abstract
Together with national representatives (experts to be nominated by the Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Government of Nepal, extension workers, experts of the partner institutions, NGOs, VDC leaders), the socio-­‐cultural context, patterns of forest and land use, and environmental status of sub-­‐regions of the target regions will be evaluated and one or two sub-­‐regions with poor status and a certain development potential for Community based Forest Management (CbF) will be selected. Parallel, success and failure of ongoing CbF activities will be analysed. The reasons behind the present status of the selected sub-­‐regions will be investigated and development options shall be derived in a participatory process of all subgroups at community level. In this process, one or two CbF user groups will select potential areas for reforestation and develop a management plan for the community forest area and socially feasible ways for utilizing them. Community representatives with the inclusion of the diverse (ethnic and caste) groups should be involved in the evaluation process, in the drawing of the base line and in monitoring activities. Participatory methods for protecting adjacent conservation areas are also a target of the project (ownership and sustainability). In addition, the options of additional income generation from NTFPs and agroforestry will be evaluated. The development of a reforestation and management plan will be supported via sending CbF-­‐representatives to training workshops and showing them best practice examples. The establishment of reforestations will be supported both in terms of knowledge transfer as well as via provision of seedlings or establishment of nurseries (the latter again being a chance for income generation). On-­‐site training in forest operations shall improve the practices in sustainable forestry. GHG sequestration will be evaluated based upon inventories of carbon stocks and stock changes in biomass and soil. The management should be adaptive and based upon scientific results of inventories and participatory research. Both staff and students of the partner institutions should be involved in the whole process. Partnerships between BOKU, local communities and institutional partners within the project are planned to cover a time period of 20 years. The community and site selection process, status documentation, the development of the community forest management plan and first reforestation activities are scheduled for the first three years of the project. At the same time, the options for supporting touristic development in an environmental friendly way (ecotourism, supply of alternative energy options like solar water heating…) shall be screened.
Schlagworte
Waldökologie; Nachwachsende Rohstoffe; Nachhaltige Landwirtschaft;
Carbon offsetting ; community based; conservation areas ; forests and soil conservation; participatory approach ;
Publikationen
Vorträge

Katzensteiner, K. (2017): The BOKU Carbon Offsetting Project.

Progress in Gaurishankar Conservation Area, NOV 13th, 2017, Vienna

Katzensteiner, K. (2017): Opening Remarks & Workshop Introduction.

Progress in Gaurishankar Conservation Area, NOV 13th, 2017, Vienna

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