University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU) - Research portal

Logo BOKU Resarch Portal

Developing a framework for integrated forest landscape modeling under changing climate and disturbance regimes

Project Leader
Lexer Manfred Josef, Project Leader
Contact person:
Seidl Rupert
Duration:
01.04.2009-31.03.2012
Programme:
FP7 - People - Marie Curie: International Outgoing Fellowships for Career Development (IOF)
EU-Project Instruments
Marie Curie
Type of Research
Basic Research
Project partners
Conservation Biology Institute, Corvallis, United States (USA).
Contact person: Dr Robert Scheller;
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Oregon State University, United States (USA).
Contact person: Prof. Thomas A. Spies;
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Staff
Seidl Rupert, Project Staff
Rammer Werner, Project Staff (bis 30.01.2022)
BOKU Research Units
Institute of Silviculture
Funded by
Commission of the European Communities, Rue de la Loi, Brussels, European Union
Abstract
Climate change is a major challenge for sustainable forest management. Impacts on the disturbance regime are particularly relevant in this regard. In a sound science-based sustainable forest management/ ecosystem management approach potential changes in climate and disturbance regimes need to be considered explicitly. Disturbance dynamics, however, are still poorly understood especially in ecosystems with interacting, climate-sensitive disturbance agents. Currently, most available model approaches suffer either from a limited spatial extent to address large scale interacting disturbance regimes (i.e. stand models) or from a coarse structural resolution with regard to the information needs in forest management (i.e. landscape models).
The objective of the project is to bridge this gap in (i) developing an integrated, individual-based landscape modeling framework; (ii) adopting process-oriented, climate sensitive disturbance modules and utilizing existing ecological understanding to model disturbance interactions, and (iii) testing the behaviour of the model framework in two case studies in the temperate forest biome.
To successfully address (interactions between) disturbances as emerging property of the modeled system as well as to provide relevant levels of information in the context of SFM an individual-based, process-oriented landscape modeling approach is proposed. The development will bring together recent advances in forest landscape modeling with efficient algorithms of modeling individual-based tree competition and process-based production. Existing disturbance models for selected agents will be adopted focusing on interactions and climate sensitivity. The framework will be parameterized and evaluated for two cases studies in the Eastern Alps (Austria) and the Pacific Northwest (USA), focusing on wind - bark beetle and fire - bark beetle disturbance interactions respectively. Overall, the integrated modeling framework aims at contributing to questions of sustainable forest management under changing climate and disturbance regimes and facilitating a landscape perspective in forest resource management.
Keywords
forest ecology; silviculture; interdisciplinary agriculture and forestry;
climate change; landscape model; ecosystem modelling; disturbances; forest management;
Publications

** Seidl, R; Rammer, W; Scheller, RM; Spies, TA An individual-based process model to simulate landscape-scale forest ecosystem dynamics.

ECOL MODEL. 2012; 231: 87-100. WoS FullText FullText_BOKU

Seidl, R. (2012): Concepts and challenges of modelling natural disturbances in forest ecosystems.
[COST FP0603 Final meeting Forest models for research and decision suport in sustainable forest mangement 2012, Bordeaux, France, 01.03.2012 - 02.03.2012]

In: Orazia, C., Meredieu, C. (eds.), Forest models for research and decision support in sustainable forest management

Seidl, R., Schelhaas, M.J. (2012): Drivers and impacts of intensifying disturbance regimes in Europe's forests.
[Tackling climate change 2012 - The contribution of forest scientific knowledge, Tours, France, 21.05.2012 - 24.05.2012]

In: Ecofor, Tackling climate change: The contribution of forest scientific knowledge

Seidl, R. (2011): Ursachen steigender Waldschäden in Europa.

Österreichische Forstzeitung, 11, 14-15; ISSN 1012-4667

** Seidl, R; Fernandes, PM; Fonseca, TF; Gillet, F; Jonsson, AM; Merganicova, K; Netherer, S; Arpaci, A; Bontemps, JD; Bugmann, H; Gonzalez-Olabarria, JR; Lasch, P; Meredieu, C; Moreira, F; Schelhaas, MJ; Mohren, F Modelling natural disturbances in forest ecosystems: a review.

ECOL MODEL. 2011; 222(4): 903-924. WoS FullText FullText_BOKU

** Seidl, R; Schelhaas, MJ; Lexer, MJ Unraveling the drivers of intensifying forest disturbance regimes in Europe.

GLOBAL CHANGE BIOL. 2011; 17(9): 2842-2852. WoS FullText FullText_BOKU

Seidl, R. (2011): Ist der Klimawandel schuld am Störungsanstieg in Waldökosystemen?.
[12. Österreichischer Klimatag 2011 - Forschung zu Klima, Klimawandel und Auswirkungen in Österreich, Vienna, Austria, 21.09.2011 - 22.09.2011]

In: Klimaforschungsinitiative AustroClim, 12. Österreichischer Klimatag. Klima, Klimawandel, Auswirkungen und Anpassung in Österreich., http://www.austroclim.at/index.php?id=klimatag2011

** Wolfslehner, B; Seidl, R; Harnessing ecosystem models and multi-criteria decision analysis for the support of forest management..

Environ Manage. 2010; 46(6):850-861 WoS PubMed FullText FullText_BOKU

Shafer, S.L., Harmon, M.E., Neilson, R.P., Seidl, R., St. Clair, B., Yost, A. (2010): The Potential Effects of Climate Change on Oregon’s Vegetation.

In: Dello, K.D., Mote, P.W. (eds.). Oregon Climate Assessment Report. Oregon Climate Change Research Institute, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, pp.173-208 FullText

Seidl, R., Rammer, W., Scheller, R.M., Spies, T.A., Lexer, M.J. (2010): Developing a mechanistic approach to model the effects of climate change on forest dynamics in complex mountain landscapes.. [Poster]
[MtnClim 2010, Blue River, OR, USA, 07.06.2010 - 10.06.2010]

In: Consortium for Integrated Climate Research on Western Mountains (CIRMOUNT), MtnClim 2010

Vorträge

Seidl, R. (2011): Tales from a disturbed past, tools for a disturbing future: Modeling climate – vegetation – disturbance interactions in forest ecosystems.

, Forest Ecology Seminar, Alterra / Wageningen University, JUN 23, 2011, Wageningen, the Netherlands

Seidl, R. (2011): Tools for a disturbed future: High resolution modeling of climate – vegetation – disturbance interactions in forest landscapes.

, Department Seminar, Swedish Agricultural University SLU, MAY 30, 2011, Alnarp, Sweden

Seidl, R. (2010): Individual-based forest landscape modeling to assess climate change impacts in Oregon.

, LANDIS II forest landscape model workshop, JAN 11-13, 2010, Madison, WI, USA

© BOKU Wien Imprint