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Process development for the microbiological utilisation of CO2 and H2 to produce ethanol

Project Leader
Bochmann Günther, Project Leader
Duration:
01.07.2018-31.12.2021
Programme:
Energieforschung - Kooperative F&E-Projekte - Industrielle Forschung
Type of Research
Applied Research
Project partners
AAT Abwasser- und Abfalltechnik GmbH & Co, Weidachstraße 6, 6900 Bregenz, Austria.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Bioenergy 2020+ GmbH , Inffeldgasse 21b, 8010 Graz, Austria.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Biogasanlage Bruck/Leitha GmbH & Co KG, Wienergasse 4, 2460 Bruck/Leitha, Austria.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
EVM Margarethem am Moos reg GenmbH, Leithastraße 12, 2433 Margarethen am Moos, Austria.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Qualizyme Biotechnology, Austria.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
SPIN Tec GmbH, Austria.
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
University of Technology in Vienna, Inst. of Chemical Engineering , Getreidemarkt 9/166, A-1060 Wien, Austria.
Contact person: Michael Harasek;
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Staff
Fuchs Werner, Sub Projectleader
Poschmaier-Kamarad Ludek, Project Staff
Steger Franziska, Project Staff
Ergal Ipek, Project Staff (bis 31.05.2021)
BOKU Research Units
Institute for Environmental Biotechnology
Funded by
Austrian Research Promotion Agency, Sensengasse 1, 1090 Wien, Austria
Abstract
The European Commission Roadmap 2050 for a low-carbon economy states that current greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced by 80–95% by 2050. To reach these targets, the entire energy system needs to be transformed and will need to include efficient conversion technologies. All potential renewable energies must be used, while simultaneously guaranteeing an uninterrupted energy supply for consumers. Because wind and solar energies are not constant, and because demand is not constant, a transition to a flexible energy system with a conversion to secondary energy carriers (fuels) will be necessary. Power to gas (P2G) is one suitable technology that can provide flexible energy networks coupled with conversion to fuels. A more recent version of this technology is power to liquid (P2L), which converts excess electricity into liquid fuel. The EU also has targets to blend 10% biofuels into transport fuels by 2020 (Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC).First-generation biofuels (e.g. bioethanol from starch, biodiesel) have already helped reach this target, but they have had a limited impact on CO2 emissions. Due to Renewable Energy Directive II biofuels upon 2nd generation will only be supported. Second-generation biofuels, made from waste, are just starting to be produced at a large scale. Third-generation biofuels, based on algae, are being intensively studied. Now the fourth-generation biofuels are being researched, using CO2 as a carbon source. Previous processes using CO2 and H2 have focussed on methane production as well as direct hydrogen addition to the gas grid. The aim of the proposed research project is to develop a multi-step process to produce liquid fuels
from CO2 and H2. This will allow CO2 waste streams to be used to produce liquid fuels, thereby contributing to the reduction of emissions in the transport sector.
Keywords
Fermentation;
CO2; ethanol; fermentation; Hydrogen;
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