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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Verena Pold (2014): Arbeitsplatz Melkstand niederösterreichischer Fleckviehbetriebe.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Landtechnik, BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 210. UB BOKU obvsg FullText

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
Dairy production is an important sector of Austrian agriculture. The number of cows per farm is increasing and the technique of milking parlours is going to be adopted. There is no information about the existing technique in milking parlours, reasons of purchase and evaluation of the technique and milking process available. The influencing factors of workload, musculoskeletal disorders of Austrian milkers and the strenuous physical work task in the milking parlour are unknown. Therefore, a study was carried out on ten dairy farms in Lower Austria with eleven women and nine men. Most of the milkers were satisfied with their milking technique. The most important factor for buying a parlour system was the availability of service. The working height and working depth depended on gender, type of milking parlour and cow factors (days in lactation, number of lactation). Women worked most of the milking time above and men under shoulder height. The horizontal distance between worker and udder was longer than the length of the arms. Three quarter of the questioned milkers had a musculoskeletal discomfort in at least one region of the body in the last twelve months. Women had significantly more disorders than men. The most affected body regions were the back and the upper extremities. Attaching the milking cluster was the most strenuous work task in the milking parlour. For optimizing working height and depth and reducing workload, new techniques can be used like indexing, service arm and an elevated floor.

Beurteilende(r): Quendler Elisabeth

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