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Gewählte Doctoral Thesis:

Mariam Mohamed Abdalla Wagialla (2020): A GENDER-SENSITIVE LANDSCAPE PLANNING APPROACH IN URBAN TRANSFORMATION TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF EVERYDAY LIFE FOR ALL.
Doctoral Thesis - Institut für Landschaftsplanung (ILAP), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 333. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Abstract:
Urban landscape structures and the quality of the built environment have a direct impact on the ability of residents to meet the needs of their everyday lives. This impact varies according to gender, age, physical abilities and socio-economic background. Based on this premise, this thesis adopts a gender-sensitive approach to landscape planning as a tool for equitable and sustainable urban transformation in cities, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. The approach is validated through applied research examining the case of Khartoum as a city experiencing rapid uncontrolled urbanisation. The assessment follows structuralist methodology applied in landscape planning and uses a mixed method include mapping of the built environment, archival records, interviews and observations. The assessment showed that the urban landscape in Khartoum characterised by sprawling, socio-spatial segregation, the prevalence of informal and inadequate housing and the lack of infrastructure and services, having an impact on the quality of everyday lives of the residents. However, this impact varies significantly between men and women, boys and girls, and according to social and cultural backgrounds and income level. Development plans and planning models that relied on a top-down approach have failed to conceptualise urban spaces that meet the requirements of the everyday lives of different gender groups. They also showed bias against the interests of the disadvantaged groups especially of women and girls. The values underlying physical planning and development policies and practices in Khartoum are key to the creation of its inequitable urban landscape. This is due to the domination of non-democratic institutions on decision-making related to physical planning and development, leading to resource exploitation and marginalisation. Based on the assessment, objectives, measures and general guidelines have been developed to achieve a fair and sustainable urban landscape that promotes gender equality.

Betreuer: Schneider Gerda
1. Berater:
2. Berater: Damyanovic Doris

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