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Optimisation of acquisition and distribution logistics of large biogas plants

Project Leader
Amon Thomas, Project Leader
Duration:
01.02.2006-31.12.2007
Type of Research
Applied Research
Project partners
ARGE compost and biogas, Austria, Landstrasse 11, 4020 Linz, Austria.
Contact person: Werner Brunmayr;
Function of the Project Partner: Partner
Federal Institute of Agricultural , Mankerstraße 18, A-3250 Wieselburg, Austria.
Contact person: Dipl.-Ing. Franz Handler;
Function of the Project Partner: Partner

Further information: http://www.energiesystemederzukunft.at/

Staff
Eder Michael, Project Staff
Weißensteiner Roswitha, Project Staff
Ramusch Marion, Project Staff
Amon Barbara, Project Staff
Bauer Alexander, Project Staff
Hopfner-Sixt Katharina, Project Staff (bis 30.06.2008)
Kryvoruchko Vitaliy, Project Staff (bis 29.02.2008)
Walla Christoph, Project Staff (bis 30.06.2006)
Bodiroza Vitomir, Project Staff (bis 30.09.2008)
Gspan Breda, Project Staff (bis 31.07.2010)
Zima Jacqueline, Project Staff (bis 30.06.2007)
Machmüller Andrea, Project Staff (bis 30.06.2007)
Simic Violetta, Project Staff (bis 30.06.2008)
Fistarol Lyson Debora, Project Staff (bis 30.09.2011)
Mayr Herwig Alois, Project Staff (bis 31.10.2009)
Milovanovic Dejan, Project Staff (bis 30.06.2008)
BOKU Research Units
Division of Agricultural Engineering
Institute of Agricultural and Forestry Economics (AFO)
Funded by
Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology, Renngasse 5, 1010 Wien, Austria
Abstract
Due to the normally high water content of the utilised raw material, proportionally high masses in relation to the energy produced per kWh have to be moved and again removed from the plant as fermentation residue, and the logistic costs amount to about 66% of the variable costs in relation to the raising or raw material.
The proposed project aims at increasing the added value of biogas production made of agricultural raw materials by logistic measures both on the input and the output side of a biogas plant. The results will support/improve the economic efficiency with regard to bio-gas production from energy crops and therefore the sustainable development.
The investigations in terms of procurement logistics (supply of raw materials) and distribu-tion logistics (return of the fermenter residues) were accomplished at 11 biogas plants in Upper Austria, Lower Austria and Styria. The electrical capacity of the combined heat and power plants ranged between 250 and 1.050 kW.
In the procurement logistics different representatives of renewable raw materials were ex-amined. With regard to farm manure the logistic chain of solid dung as well as semi-liquid manure from cattle, pigs and poultry were examined. The investigations with respect to feeding of the plant, which contains also the delivery from decentralized temporary storage facilities, are not finalised yet.
The optimal use of separation techniques is examined with the aim to close cycles of mat-ter and energy in biogas production from energy crops. The investigations are accom-plished at two biogas plants in Upper Austria. The two measurement periods for the com-parative evaluation and classification of two separation techniques usually used in practice (sieve drum and screw extractor separators) according to technical, economical and eco-logical criteria was already conducted. The newly gained characteristics are used for an integrated evaluation for the distribution logistics.
Within the distribution logistics for the liquid fermentation residues single-phase and multi-phase procedures were examined. In addition the liquid manure piping was examined. For the distribution of the solid phase (after the separation of the fermentation residues) sys-tems on basis of compost and universal spreaders were described.
Basing on the submitted data the final economic evaluation and optimisation will be meas-ured. From this follows the preferential logistic chain depending on the determining factors.
The results of this project is to propose a tool to optimise the logistic chains for supplying major biogas plants with agricultural raw materials and for recycling the fermentation resi-dues. The achieved results will be provided in a “Biogas – Logistics – Handbook” to plant operators, co-operators, planning enterprises and biogas consultants. The optimised sepa-ration techniques for the treatment of the fermentation residues will be proposed.
Keywords
environmental research; raw material research, - economics; ecological engineering; environmental protection; energy technology; agricultural engineering; energy technology; power economics; recycling; environmental technology; energy research; raw material research, - economics; environmental economics; renewable resources (energy); ecological engineering; environmental protection; agronomy; cereal production, cereals; agricultural machines and equipment; crop husbandry; agricultural ecology; renewable energy; renewable resources; agricultural machines and equipment; renewable resources; agricultural economics; fermentation technology; agricultural machines and equipment; agricultural construction; agricultural ecology; environmental protection;
biogas; climate protection; sustainability; separation; greenhouse gases;
Publications

Amon,T., Bauer,A., Leonhartsberger,Ch. (2008): Integrierte Systeme Sieben Fragen und Antworten zur Nutzung von Bioenergie.

Wissenschaft & Umwelt - Interdisziplinär, 11, 162-171

* Hopfner-Sixt, K., Amon, T., Bodiroza, V., Kryvoruchko, V., Milovanovic, D., Zollitsch, W., Boxberger, J. (2006): Biogas production from agricultural resources: characteristic values for material and energetic evaluation.

Landtechnik. Fachzeitschrift für Agrartechnik und ländliches Bauen, 3/2006; ISSN 0023-8082 FullText

* Hopfner-Sixt, K., Amon, T., Bodiroza, V., Kryvoruchko, V., Milovanovic, D., Zollitsch, W., Boxberger, J. (2006): Biogaserzeugung ausagrarischen Rohstoffen.

Landtechnik. Fachzeitschrift für Agrartechnik und ländliches Bauen, 3/2006, 148-149; ISSN 0023-8082

Amon, B., Fröhlich, M. (2006): Ammoniakemissionen aus frei gelüfteten Ställen und Wirtschaftsdüngerlagerstätten für Rinder.
[KTBL-Tagung „Emissionen der Tierhaltung – Messung, Beurteilung und Minderung von Gasen, Stäuben und Keimen“, Bad Staffelstein, Germany, 5. – 7. Dezember]

In: KTBL (Eds), KTBL-Schrift 449, pp 49 – 64. , KTBL-Tagung „Emissionen der Tierhaltung – Messung, Beurteilung und Minderung von Gasen, Stäuben und Keimen“, 5. – 7. Dezember, Kloster Banz, Bad Staffelstein; ISBN: 978-3-939371-19-9

Amon, B., Fröhlich, M., Ramusch, M., Winiwarter W. (2006): Research for climate protection-technological options for mitigation (Reclip:tom)..
[12th Ramiran International conference 2006 - Technology for Recycling of Manure and Organic Residues in a Whole-Farm Perspective., Aarhus, Denmark, 11.09.2006 - 14.09.2006]

In: Petersen, S. (Eds.), DIAS report plant production no. 123, . Vol. II,pp 229 - 231. , 12th Ramiran International conference Technology for Recycling of Manure and Organic Residues in a Whole-Farm Perspective., 11 – 14 September, Aarhus; ISBN: ISBN 87-88976-99-8 FullText

Amon, B., Kryvoruchko, V., Fröhlich, M., Amon, T., Pöllinger, A., Mösenbacher, I., Hausleitner, A. (2006): NH3 and GHG emissions from a straw flow system for fattening pigs: housing, and manure storage. .
[12th Ramiran International conference 2006 - Technology for Recycling of Manure and Organic Residues in a Whole-Farm Perspective., Aarhus, Denmark, 11.09.2006 - 14.09.2006]

In: Petersen, S. (Eds.), DIAS report plant production no. 122, Dänemark, Vol. II, pp 171 - 174. , 12th Ramiran International conference Technology for Recycling of Manure and Organic Residues in a Whole-Farm Perspective., 11 – 14 September, Aarhus; ISBN: 87-88976-99-8 FullText

Amon, T. (2006): Strategien zur nachhaltigen Erzeugung, Bereitstellung und Nutzung agrarischer Biomasse für die Biogaserzeugung.
[Fachkongress Biogas 06 II 2006 - Zukunfstpotentiale nutzen - Prozesse optimieren, Linz, Austria, 30.11.2006 - 01.12.2006]

In: Klima aktiv (Hrsg.)-Zukunftspotentiale nutzen – Prozesse optimieren, pp.39-51, biogas 06 II, 30.11.-01.12., Linz

Amon, T., Amon B., Kryvoruchko V., Hopfner-Sixt K., Moser, A., Zollitsch, W. (2006): Biogas Forum Austria-Network of research, extension service, and commercial farms..
[12th Ramiran International conference 2006 - Technology for Recycling of Manure and Organic Residues in a Whole-Farm Perspective., Aarhus, Denmark, 11.09.2006 - 14.09.2006]

In: Petersen, S. (Eds.), 12th Ramiran International conference Technology for Recycling of Manure and Organic Residues in a Whole-Farm Perspective, DIAS report plant production no. 123, Vol. II, pp 113 - 115, 12th Ramiran International conference Technology for Recycling of Manure and Organic Residues in a Whole-Farm Perspective., 11 – 14 September 2006, Aarhus; ISBN: 87-88976-99-8 FullText

Hopfner-Sixt, K. (2006): Leistungsvergleich verschiedener Biogasanlagensysteme.
[Fachkongress Biogas 06 II 2006 - Zukunfstpotentiale nutzen - Prozesse optimieren, Linz, Austria, 30.11.2006 - 01.12.2006]

In: Klima aktiv (Hrsg.), pp. 51-60, Biogas 06 II, Zukunfstpotentiale nutzen - Prozesse optimieren, 30.11.-01.12., Linz

Hopfner-Sixt, K., Amon, T. (2006): Monitoring landwirtschaftlicher Biogasanlagen in Österreich – Durchmischungstechnik und Kennwerte wesentlicher Prozessparameter.
[15. Symposium Bioenergie 2006, Bad Staffelstein, Germany, 23.11.2006 - 24.11.2006]

In: Ostbayerisches Technologie-Transfer-Institut e.V. (OTTI) (Hrsg.): , pp 384 – 389 , 15.Symposium BIOENERGIE – Festbrennstoffe, Flüssigkraftstoffe, Biogas, 23./24. November , Kloster Banz, Bad Staffelstein

Hopfner-Sixt, K., Amon, T., Milovanovic, D., Amon, B. (2006): Monitoring of energy crop digestion in Austria..
[12th Ramiran International conference 2006 - Technology for Recycling of Manure and Organic Residues in a Whole-Farm Perspective., Aarhus, Denmark, 11.09.2006 - 14.09.2006]

In: Petersen, S.(Eds.) , DIAS report plant production no. 123 Vol. II, Denmark, pp 117 - 119., 12th Ramiran International conference Technology for Recycling of Manure and Organic Residues in a Whole-Farm Perspective., 11 – 14 September, Aarhus, Vol. II; ISBN: ISBN 87-88976-99-8 FullText

Amon T. (2006): Boku-Biogas Branche bündelt Kompetenzen.

Die österreichische Bauernzeitung, 06.04.2006, 14

Amon T. (2006): Biogas als alleinige Lösung?.

IKZ-Haustechnik, 2/2006, 8

Amon T. (2006): Biogas-Know how nicht aufs Spiel setzen.

Blick ins Land, 05/2006, 37

Amon T. (2006): Biogas kann Österreich unabhängig machen.

Wirtschaftsblatt, 21.04.2006, 12

Amon T., Hopfner-Sixt, K. (2006): Biogas: ein möglicher Weg aus der Energiekrise.

Umweltjournal, 3/2006, 11

Amon T. (2006): Forum Biogas neu gegründet.

APA Nachricht, 24. 03. 2006

Vorträge

Amon,T. (2008): Eneuerbare Energie - Die Rolle der Biomasse von heute und die Bedeutung für morgen.

Energiesymposium des Zukunftsforum Österreich, 03.04.2008, Wien

Amon, T. (2007): Potenziale für eine nachhaltige Biogaserzeugung aus heimischen Quellen.

IIR-Jahreskongress GAS 2007, 24.09.2007, Wien

Amon, B. (2006): Research for climate protection-technological options for mitigation (Reclip:tom).. [Poster]

12th Ramiran International conference Technology for Recycling of Manure and Organic Residues in a Whole-Farm Perspective., 11 – 14 September, Aarhus FullText

Amon, B. (2006): Ammoniakemissionen aus frei gelüfteten Ställen und Wirtschaftsdüngerlagerstätten für Rinder. [Poster]

KTBL-Tagung „Emissionen der Tierhaltung – Messung, Beurteilung und Minderung von Gasen, Stäuben und Keimen“, 5. – 7. Dezember, Kloster Banz, Bad Staffelstein

Amon, B. (2006): Ammoniak- und Lachgasemissionsn während der Lagerung und nach der Ausbringung von Biogasgülle.

KTBL-Tagung "Emissionen der Tierhaltung - Messung, Beurteilung und Minderung von Gasen, Stäuben und Keimen", 5. – 7. Dezember, Kloster Banz, Bad Staffelstein

Amon, B., Kryvoruchko, V., Fröhlich, M., Amon, T., Pöllinger, A., Mösenbacher, I., Hausleitner, A. (2006): NH3 and GHG emissions from a straw flow system for fattening pigs: housing, and manure storage. .

12th Ramiran International conference Technology for Recycling of Manure and Organic Residues in a Whole-Farm Perspective., 11 – 14 September, Aarhus FullText

Amon, T. (2006): Biogas production from terrestrial and marine biomass.

Recora Treffen, 29.05.2006, Gödöllo/Ungarn

Amon, T. (2006): Vorstellung der Biogasanalytik in Wien, Ringversuch zur Ermittlung des Biogasertrages aus nachwachsenden Rohstoffen.

Ringversuch Biogas, 29.03.2006, Freising/Deutschland

Amon, T. (2006): Rohstoffpflanzen für Biogasanlagen – Rohstoffaufbringung und Energieeffizienz.

Wintertagung, 14.02.2006, Hollabrunn

Amon, T. (2006): Biogas von Äckern und Wiesen, ein Energieträger der Zukunft.

Agrarpolitisches Seminar, 20.02.2006, Wien

Amon, T. (2006): Strategien zur nachhaltigen Erzeugung, Bereitstellung und Nutzung agrarischer Biomasse für die Biogaserzeugung.

biogas 06 II, 30.11.-01.12., Linz

Amon, T., , Linz (2006): Strategien zur nachhaltigen Biogaserzeugung aus Energiepflanzen durch standortangepasste Fruchtfolgesysteme, Sortenwahl und optimale Ernte.

Fachkongress Biogas, 22.02.2006, Linz

Amon, T., Amon, B., Machmüller, A., Hopfner-Sixt K., Kryvoruchko V., Bodiroza, V. (2006): European Biogas Initiative to improve the yield of agricultural biogas plants (EU-Agro Biogas).. [Poster]

12th Ramiran International conference Technology for Recycling of Manure and Organic Residues in a Whole-Farm Perspective., 11 – 14 September, Aarhus FullText

Hopfner-Sixt, K., Amon, T. (2006): Leistungsvergleich verschiedener Biogasanlagensysteme.

Biogas 06 II, Zukunfstpotentiale nutzen - Prozesse optimieren, 30.11.-01.12., Linz

Hopfner-Sixt, K., Amon, T. (2006): Monitoring landwirtschaftlicher Biogasanlagen in Österreich – Durchmischungstechnik und Kennwerte wesentlicher Prozessparameter.

15.Symposium BIOENERGIE – Festbrennstoffe, Flüssigkraftstoffe, Biogas, 23./24. November , Kloster Banz, Bad Staffelstein

Hopfner-Sixt, K., Amon, T., Milovanovic, D., Amon, B. (2006): Monitoring of energy crop digestion in Austria.. [Poster]

12th Ramiran International conference Technology for Recycling of Manure and Organic Residues in a Whole-Farm Perspective., 11 – 14 September, Aarhus FullText

Amon, T. (2005): Erneuerbare Energien – Effekte für die Landwirtschaft.

Symposium über Österreichs Energie Zukunft, 3.10.2005, Wien

Amon, T. (2005): Anaerobic digestion of energy crops – potentials, state of the art of the art of biogas technology, economic efficiency and future developments.

Kanadische Wirtschaftsdelegation, 11.11.2005, Wien

Amon, T.. (unveröffentlichter Vortrag) (2005): Biogas vom Acker.

3. Tagung Landtechnik in den Ackerbaugebieten in Ungarn, Slowakei und Österreich, 03.05.2005, Nitra/Slowakei

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