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Singh, NK; Kazmi, AA; Starkl, M.
(2016): Treatment performance and microbial diversity under dissolved oxygen stress conditions: Insights from a single stage IFAS reactor treating municipal wastewater
J TAIWAN INST CHEM E. 2016; 65: 197-203. FullText FullText_BOKU

In the present study, assessment of a single stage integrated fixed film activated sludge (IFAS) reactor treating municipal wastewater and subjected to various dissolved oxygen (DO) stresses, is done in terms of treatment performance and changes in bio-chemical characteristics of activated sludge. Results obtained from experimental revealed that the DO concentrations of 0.5, 2.5, and 4.5 mgL(-1) affected significantly the performance of IFAS reactor. The optimal DO concentrations for the efficient removals of organics, nitrification, denitrification, and total nitrogen were recorded as 4.5, 4.5, 2.5, and 2.5 mgL(-1), respectively. Biological phosphorus removal (BPR) efficiency of pilot deteriorated significantly at high DO (4.5 mgL(-1)) levels. Insignificant variation in SVI values (190-245 mLg(-1)) was observed at different DO phase experiments. The macromolecular composition) of activated sludge was also determined in terms of lipids, proteins and polysaccharides content. Moreover, activated sludge characterization results revealed that the dominance of micro fauna (ciliated protozoa) and microorganisms (gram characteristics) was different at different DO levels. Overall, the optimal DO concentration was suggested as 4.5 mgL(-1) for the IFAS system as it not only achieved high organics removal efficiency and but also minimized the sludge production with high sludge retention time. (C) 2016 Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Starkl Markus

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Dissolved oxygen stress
Microbial communities
Nutrient removal
Organic removal
Protozoan population

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