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Schenkeveld, WDC; Kimber, RL; Walter, M; Oburger, E; Puschenreiter, M; Kraemer, SM.
(2017): Experimental considerations in metal mobilization from soil by chelating ligands: The influence of soil-solution ratio and pre-equilibration - A case study on Fe acquisition by phytosiderophores
SCI TOTAL ENVIRON. 2017; 579: 1831-1842. FullText FullText_BOKU

Abstract:
The efficiency of chelating ligands in mobilizing metals from soils and sediments is generally examined under conditions remote from those under which they are exuded or applied in the field. This may lead to incorrect estimations of the mobilizing efficiency. The aim of this study was to establish the influence of the soil solution ratio (SSR) and pre-equilibration with electrolyte solution on metal mobilization and metal displacement. For this purpose a series of interaction experiments with a calcareous clay soil and a biogenic chelating agent, the phytosiderophore 2xxx-deoxymugineic acid (DMA) were carried out. For a fixed ligand concentration, the SSR had a strong influence on metal mobilization and displacement. Metal complexation was faster at higher SSR. Reactive pools of metals that were predominantly mobilized at SSR 6 (in this case Cu), became depleted at SSR 0.1, whereas metals that were marginally mobilized at SSR 6, were dominantly mobilized at SSR 0.1 (in this case Fe), because of large soil reactive pools. For a fixed "amount of ligand "to-"amount of soil"-ratio, metal complexation scaled linearly with the SSR. The efficiency of ligands in mobilizing metals under field conditions can be predicted with batch experiments, as long as the ligand-to-soil-ratio is matched. In most previously reported studies this criterion was not met. Equivalent metal-complex concentrations under field conditions can be back-calculated using adsorption isotherms for the respective metal-complexes. Drying and dry storage created labile pools of Fe, Cu and Zn, which were rapidly mobilized upon addition of DMA solution to dry soil. Pre-equilibration decreased these labile pools, leading to smaller concentrations of these metals during initial mobilization, but did not reduce the lag time between ligand addition and onset of microbial degradation of the metal-complexes. Hence SSR and pre-equilibration should be carefully considered when testing the metal mobilizing efficiency of chelating ligands. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Authors BOKU Wien:
Oburger Eva
Puschenreiter Markus
BOKU Gendermonitor:


Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Chelating agent
Soil solution ratio (SSR)
Pre-equilibration
Metal mobilization
Phytosiderophore
Fe acquisition


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