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Gewählte Master / Diploma Thesis:

Alexander Stelzhammer (2022): Ursachen für die räumliche Häufung von Gartenbaubetrieben und Umgang der Raumplanung mit dem Gartenbau in Österreich.
Master / Diploma Thesis - Institut für Raumplanung, Umweltplanung und Bodenordnung (IRUB), BOKU-Universität für Bodenkultur, pp 119. UB BOKU obvsg

Data Source: ZID Abstracts
Horticulture in Austria is spatially concentrated in a few districts. This paper deals with the question, which location factors are responsible for this spatial clustering. To answer this question, a literature and document analysis, a mapping of districts with a high density of horticultural companies in aerial photos and expert interviews were conducted. In most cases, natural location factors such as a high soil quality or a beneficial climate, are essential for the spatial clustering, coupled with the historical development of horticulture at these locations. In some cases, spatial clustering of horticulture can also be explained by socio-economic factors, such as in urban areas by proximity to sales markets or by the availability of geothermal energy / district heating for glass and foil houses. In addition to spatial clustering of horticultural enterprises, spatial planning regulations in selected federal states were analysed. These federal states partly have their own horticultural zoning, but the specific zones vary from state to state. In most of the analysed federal states there is no definition of horticulture in the spatial planning laws or in the planning instruments. Furthermore, a clear distinction between horticultural and agricultural enterprises is lacking and if there is a need for specific horticultural zoning. Overall, no consistent spatial planning strategy for horticulture could be identified. In summary, horticultural enterprises are particularly dependent on natural location factors and therefore require a separate consideration by spatial planning laws. It is therefore recommended to create a specific horticultural zone for all horticultural buildings and to ensure sufficient sunlight through protection and priority zones for horticulture, especially in areas with spatial horticultural clusters.

Beurteilende*r: Stöglehner Gernot
1.Mitwirkender: Seher Walter

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